1. Production of textbooks
The Directorate for Primary and Secondary Education, which replaced the National board of Education in June 2004, advises the Education Offices, counties, municipalities, and independent schools, and offers additional teaching material. It also organizes national exams for secondary schooling.[1]
There are different independent schoolbook publishers in Scandinavia. They produce for the free market.

2. Admission
All school books printed in Norway must be published in both languages (ny-norsk and bokmål).[2]

3. Financing: Are textbooks free of charge?
All public education is fee of charge. This also applies to school materials for the compulsory level (primary and lower secondary school). Also for upper secondary school there have been attempts to make textbooks free of charge.
The authorities' responsibility for the provision of financial resources depends on the level and type of education provided. The cost of primary and secondary education for adults is covered by municipal or county education authorities. The participants must meet the cost of textbooks in upper secondary education, and there is a fee for upper secondary examinations. The educational authorities also cover the cost of adult immigrant education.[3]

4. Selection of textbooks: Who chooses the textbooks for classes?
Learning materials comprise texts, sound and images, ICT-related aids, and textbooks produced with specific learning objectives in view. There are no prescribed textbooks. Items originally produced for other purposes, such as newspaper articles, feature films or literary works, can also be used as learning material.[4] Schoolbooks are sold through book stores to the schools.[5]


[1] Tobias Werler u. Kirsten Sivesind: Norway, in: W. Hörner u.a.: The Education Systems of Europe, Dordrecht 2007, 576.
[2] [31.10.2013].
[3] Eurybase Norway, S. 82.
[4] Eurybase Norway, S. 43.
[5] ... [pdf; Link]